Brighton Wing Chun classes are developed around the student as an individual and structured to ensure that each student is taught every aspect of the system.
Each grade has a theme that allows the student to develop ways and means to defeat certain elements of a fight situation.
The students are developed in four main categories; Basic student, intermediate student, advanced student and technician levels.
Basic Student Syllabus
Designed to offer the student the ability to use Wing Chun fighting techniques to a standard that will offer them a basic self-defence against most situations that may arise in the street from an unskilled opponent.
The basic syllabus consists of :
- The First Form
- First Footwork
- Drill Bong Sau/Jut Sau Drill
- Single Hand Chi Sau Drill
- Fighting Applications.
The First Form
This teaches the student defensive and aggressive arm techniques whilst developing the strength in the legs to apply the Wing Chun fighting stance. The purpose of the form is for the student to perfect the movements and shapes they will need to effectively defend themselves. To train these techniques to perfection in a form means that the student will be able to apply the techniques without thought.
The First Footwork Drill
Designed to give the student a number of steps that will allow them to gain an advantageous position over their assailant.
Bong Sau/Jut Sau Drill
This is sometimes known as bong sau/ lap sau drilland is designed to help the student begin to develop the tactile sensitivity of the arms as well as the proper use of some very important techniques and principles of Wing Chun.
Single Arm Chi Sau Drill
Develops the tactile reactivity of the arms and prepare the student for the more advanced double arm Chi Sau drill. Chi Sau is a fundamental part of Wing Chun training that allows the student to react faster to an opponent's movements.
Each of the 4 student grades in the Basic Syllabus concentrates and a different aspect of application of the skills learned.
Grade 1 : Pre-emptive striking - The student learns how and when to strike the opponent before the opponent strikes. This gives the student the advantage in a situation by taking the initiative.
Grade 2 : Straight attacks - The student learns how to defend themselves against an opponent who is launching a straight attack. The student learns how to recognise a straight attack and how to defeat it.
Grade 3 : Round attacks - The student is taught how to recognise and defend against an opponent who attacks along an arcing path.
Grade 4 : Elbows and knees - In this grade the student learns how and when to transition from long striking attacks to shorter ones. Once the distance to the opponent has been closed the student is taught when to adjust his own attacking to suit the requirements of the situation.
Intermediate Student Syllabus
The intermediate syllabus teaches the student more about moving and positioning as well as teaching them how to deal with more complex situations than the basic syllabus allows.
The Intermediate Syllabus introduces :
- The Second Form
- Nuk Sau Drill
- Kicking Attacks
- More Versatile Striking Techniques.
The Second Form
Practice of many of the same techniques as the first. The second form also introduces new techniques such as steps, kicks and elbow striking techniques. One of the purposes of this form is to learn coordination of arm techniques with footwork.
The Nuk Sau Drill
This drill teaches the student how to move and position themselves as well as how to escape a stalemate situation where both of both partners hands are stuck in a defensive situation.
The Kicking Attacks
In Wing Chun kicks are different to most other systems of martial art and in the intermediate training the student is taught how and when to use these techniques.
At this level the students learns to deal with a wide variety of ranges and scenarios that may be encountered in a fight.
The four intermediate grades here are as follows:
Grade 5 : Grappling and Counter Sweeping - The student learns how to control a fight in a much closer scenario. They will learn how to avoid, control, use and escape a grappling situation. The student also develops their footwork to maintain stability and control even if an opponent tries to sweep them off balance.
Grade 6 : Groundwork and Counter Throwing - The student learns how to throw and avoid being thrown. They will also learn how and when to take a situation to ground and how to control and escape the situation of being taken to the ground. Being on the ground is a dangerous situation and this grade is designed to allow a student to regain a standing position as soon as possible.
Grade 7 : Multiple Attackers - In this day and age if you are attacked by a single opponent you are lucky, this grades teaches the tactics and techniques used to defeat more than one opponent in the same fight.
Grade 8 : Blunt Weapons - The student is taught how to control a situation where they may have been attacked by an opponent who is attacking with a blunt weapon such as a stick. This grade is based heavily on tactics more than specific techniques. The student is taught how to disarm the opponent and use their weapon against them.
The Advanced Student Syllabus
At this level the student learns how to make everything they have learned in the previous grades more efficient and more effective. By this time the student has all the knowledge and techniques they need to defeat any assailant and from here on in they are learning the skill to be able to utilise all of these techniques as appropriate. The advanced syllabus is based mostly around the Chi Sau drills and teaches the student use their tactility to gain advantage over their opponent with less thought process.
The advanced syllabus also teaches the third form.
The Third Form
This is a form of deadly attacking techniques. The form contains very few techniques for defense but introduces many new techniques such as elbow striking, throwing, joint breaking and round and short attacks. This is the form where the student learns how to put true power into their attacking technique.
The Chi Sau Drill
The Chi Sau Drill teaches the student to develop their tactility to such an extent that the arms and legs begin to defend the student with less and less conscious thought from the student. This drill is broken into forms and sections to ensure that student is offered at least one well trained way of defending an attack from any possible angle or direction. The advanced student syllabus concentrates on the first four sections based on the second form. This includes such techniques as proper use of slapping arm, throwing techniques and defenses and double striking techniques.
Beyond the advanced student syllabus the student is now no longer considered a student but a technician. The word technician comes from the definition 'A person skilled in the technique of an art or craft'. There are four levels of technician and by the end of this training the student will have covered the Chi Sau drills from the second and third forms. The technician will also learn a new form, the wooden dummy form, and all the Chi Sau that accompanies it. The technician, now no longer a student, is focused on developing and improving every aspect of everything they have learned until this point. They will continue to be taught all of the student grades over again to become more skilled as well as being expected to aid students in their training. This teaching role allows the technician to develop their skill and knowledge by analysing themselves and how they apply techniques to be able to show a student the correct way. Technician level is the time at which a student may begin to be qualified as a teacher of Wing Chun.
Once the student has achieved all four technician grades their training focuses on perfecting everything they have been taught. Once a student is able to readily apply any technique in its correct place and time they are considered a practitioner. This word literally means 'one who practices' and may be considered a mastery grade. By this time the practitioner will be learning the two weapons forms of Wing Chun.